Commercial & Residential Epoxy Flooring
After grinding concrete floors, a protective coating is applied. There are a wide variety of options depending on the look you desire. For garage floors, a solid-color epoxy is typically applied followed by a scattering of colored vinyl chips to create a uniform finish. Solid color epoxy coatings are an extremely popular option for interior floors. Epoxy coatings add color, hide imperfections, and increase durability. If you prefer to showcase the concrete's natural aggregate, a clear urethane coat provides long-lasting beauty and durability.
As with any surface coating, your concrete floor must be clean and free of debris, dirt, oil, paint, adhesives, sealers, etc. that could prevent bonding. Your floor will need to be scrubbed with a detergent and power scrubber, acid washed, then neutralized with an ammonia solution before being rinsed with a high-powered washer.
Any cracks in your floor will need to be addressed prior to application. Small cracks can usually be filled using an epoxy paste and simply scraped level. Larger cracks will likely require some grinding once the epoxy filler paste has dry.
If your floor has moisture issues, a vapor barrier will need to be put down before the primer coat. Make sure to test for moisture vapor transmission and discuss with your contractor before beginning any project.
Epoxy and urethane coatings require a primer, base coat and top coat. Primer is absolutely critical to ensuring a good bond. Once the primer is dry, the epoxy or urethane base coat can be applied. If you’re using color flakes, they will be broadcast across the surface during this step, then the floor will be blown off to remove any loose flakes. The seal coat is the finishing step. If you choose, slip resistant aggregates can be added into the top coat to increase traction and reduce slip risk.
Once the top coat is applied it is very important that you allow the coating to dry and cure for 48 hours before allowing foot traffic and up to five days before allowing vehicle traffic.